Grosz, George

Germany/United States, (1893-1959)

  • George Grosz - Circe
  • Circe

  • (1927), watercolor, ink, and pencil on paper
  • 25.8 x 19.2 in. (65.7 x 48.6cm.)
  • Museum of Modern Art

  • George Grosz - Circe
  • Circe

  • (1925) watercolor on paper
  • 24.25 x 19.25 in. (61.5 x 48.9 cm.)
  • Hirshhorn Museum

About the Artist

George Grosz (1893-1959) was a German painter, draughtsman and illustrator. He was a prominent member of the Berlin Dadaist art movement, and was considered a misanthropist and a Utopian. Grosz, was born Georg Gross but changed his name because he did not want a German name.

Grosz is particularly valued for his caustic caricatures, in which he used the reed pen with notable success. Although his paintings are not quite as significant as his graphic art, a number of them are, nonetheless, major works.

Bitterly anti-Nazi and anti-German after serving in WW I, Grosz left Germany in 1933 and lived in New York City as an art professor and painter until 1958. He became a United States citizen, but finally disillusioned there as well, he returned to Germany where he lived briefly until his death one year after his return. [DES-01/11]

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